|MENTERI||Kategori :||UCAPAN PERASMIAN|
|09/30/2010||Bahasa :||Bahasa Melayu|
|CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED) SEMINAR 2010|
|ONE WORLD HOTEL, BANDAR UTAMA, PETALING JAYA|
“Towards Greater Cities and Better Living:
Environmental Design for Crime Prevention”
Dato’ Ahmad bin Haji Kabit
Secretary General of Ministry of Housing and Local Government
Mr. Kamaruddin bin Shamsudin,
The Organizing Chairman and Coordinator of National Key Result Area (NKRA) Safe City Programme, Federal Department of Town and Country Planning, Peninsular Malaysia
Members of the Media
Tan Sri-Tan Sri, Dato’-Dato’, Datin-Datin
Ladies and gentlemen,
Good Morning, Salam Sejahtera, and Salam 1 Malaysia
1. I am indeed very honoured and delighted to be here with all of you today. I believe all of us here share a common vision. We aspire to raise the quality of life for all Malaysians. We also aspire that ultimately, in the year 2020; Malaysia will not only be fully developed nation economically but also other aspects such as social order, political maturity and cultural advancement.
2. In terms of peace and safety, Malaysia had been faring well based on the Global Peace Index (GPI). In 2009, Malaysia was the 3rd safest country in Asia after Japan and Singapore and 26th amongst 144 countries globally. The GPI 2010 report shows that, Malaysia is now ranked 22nd in the world, overtaking Singapore as the safest country in South East Asia and coming 2nd behind Japan among Asian Countries. This is something commendable for the country. However we should not rest on our laurels and must now set sight to the day when street crime is something of the past and our children or even grandchildren can better enjoy the abundant resources of the country.
NATIONAL ECONOMIC COMMITTMENT AND GOVERNMENENT TRANSFORMATION PROGRAM (GTP)
Ladies & Gentlemen
3. Let me assure you that the country’s leadership under the premiership of Dato' Sri Haji Mohd. Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is fully aware of our hopes and aspirations. In fact the Prime Minister shares the same stance with all of us here. This is evident with “crime reduction” being identified as one of the five National Key Result Areas (NKRA) and an annual 5% overall crime reduction and a 20% street crime reduction being its indicators.
4. This is indeed a very bold move by the PM as it is uncommon to associate crime rate reduction with developing countries. In realising this strategic intent, a clear implementation roadmap, coined “The Government Transformation Programme Roadmap” had been put in place. A Concerted effort to prevent and reduce crime rate for the next 3 years had been underlined.
SAFE CITY PROGRAMME:
MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT FOREFRONT IN CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED)
5. The Ministry of Housing and Local Government being the authority and custodian of the country’s structural planning is entrusted to reactivate and expand the Safe City Programme which was first introduced in 2004. The Programme has 4 objectives namely :
a) Cities free from violence and crimes such as thefts, house break-ins, snatch thefts and other crimes that lead to the loss of lives and properties;
b) Cities free from natural disasters such as floods and landslides occurrences;
c) Cities free from social and moral decay such as drug addictions, white-collar crime, corruption and other social ills; and
d) Cities free from any form of indoor/outdoor accidents such as fires, on-site, road and highway accidents.
6. The Implementation priority of this programme will be on objective number one, that is, Cities free from violence and crimes, which encompass 3 broad strategies namely the Environmental Design initiative, target hardening and management, community participation and public awareness. Since 2004, only 39 Local Authorities out of 149 participated in this programme, based on the Ministry’s financial capability. This will now be reactivated and expanded to all local authorities (149) nationwide as an effort to reduce street crimes.
7. Six (6) immediate measures which emphasis on proper environmental design will be undertaken under the Safe City Programme namely, the Separation of pedestrian walkways from motorised lanes; Lighting; Safety Alarm; Safety Mirrors, cleaning and clearing of unkempt areas; Installation of CCTVs; and the establishment of Geographical Information System (GIS) based maps for the identification of crime hotspots. A total of RM36 million had been allocated to implement these projects and to ensure that the 12 Local Authorities achieve safe city status this year.
8. In addition, all local authorities including the 12 pioneer LA must ensure that the safe city programme is a compulsory agenda to be discussed in their monthly full council meetings and the outcome of the crime prevention measures will be submitted periodically to the Ministry of Housing and Local Government.
9. As the Minister of Housing and Local Government, I myself pledge my full support and commitment towards this programme through the Safe City Monitoring Committee which I personally chair to ensure that crime prevention and reduction through appropriate structural design is the top priority of all LAs. To ensure prompt and effective implementation of the Safe City Programme, joint effort and synergy among various line agencies such as Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Federal Territory, Royal Malaysian Police and the National Anti-Drug Agency are vital. In recognising the trans-disciplinary nature of crime prevention, all related agencies are made to be part of this committee. This committee brings together all stakeholders to discuss and agree on strategic issues and resolutions.
OUTCOME OF THE NKRA REDUCING CRIME
Distinguished Guests, Ladies & Gentlemen,
10. Nine (9) months into implementation of the National Key Result Areas, we are already reaping some fruits. Based on the report release by the Performance Management & Delivery Unit of the Prime Minister’s Department, street crime and the overall crime index has dropped by 37 % and 16.24 % respectively. Should we continue to maintain our current effort, I believe Malaysia can be one of the safest cities which is attractive for living, leisure, investment and business.
THE WAY FORWARD:
IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED)
11. Crime Prevention through Enviromental Design (CPTED) in Malaysia is still in an infancy state. Malaysia likewise other countries, crime prevention traditionally and generally is the responsibility of the police, and crime prevention planning has been understated in the traditional planning and urban design because most people did not consider the linkage between the design and management of the physical environment and crime prevention. CPTED advocates that physical environment can be manipulated to produce behavioural effects that will reduce the incidence and fear of crime, thereby improving the quality of life.
12. In many developed countries, CPTED has been used as an approach to reduce crime through designing-out crime in new residential and commercial projects (UK). Designing-out crime is based on four main principles of CPTED adopted by international communities as follows:
a) Natural Surveillance;
b) Natural Access Control;
c) Territorial Reinforcement; and
d) Management and maintenance
13. The Ministry intends to introduce the CPTED Implementation Guide as a reference document for all related decision makers, planners, managers and designers. The document will outline the fundamental requirements for designing and managing the built environment so that our communities, towns and cities are safer, secure and therefore sustainable. This Guide contains a summary of concept, general guidelines and a user friendly checklist.
14. This guide will be a handy reference material during the preparation of any development projects to ensure that safety features and aspects of crime prevention are incorporated into the planning and design of layout plans for development projects and buildings. CPTED is applicable not only for new developments, but also be implemented onto existing development areas during urban redevelopment or renewal projects or improvement of vulnerable crime hotspots.
15. To enable immediate execution, this implementation guide is designed based on these principles namely :
a) Within the requirement of existing laws (including rules and regulations), planning and development guidelines, planning standards, and technical specifications prescribed by government agencies such as the Uniform Building By-Laws (UBBL) 1984, Local Government Act 1976 (Act 171), Town and Country Planning Act 1976 (Act 172), Street , Drainage and Building Act 1974 (Act 133) and the National Land Code 1965.
b) Within the purview of existing planning approval mechanism mainly on the planning permission procedures stipulated in Act 172 and plan implementation via CCC through One-Stop Centre (OSC) and
c) Promote creativity and innovation in designing the built environment
16. Building on these principles, the Implementation of the CPTED Guide will not incur any statutory amendments or additional bureaucracy process. The Guide checklist will be embedded in the present OSC checklist without requiring developer to submit additional documents.
17. As the world is moving towards liberalisation and self regulation, the Ministry had adopted the self regulation approach in the implementation of the CPTED Guide. The stakeholders especially the property developers and designers are encouraged to implement CPTED creatively instead of being compelled by laws and regulations. This is simply because incorporation of CPTED in any development will enhance living environment, safety, quality of life and ensure higher return in property value.
18. Currently a number of housing development and township development has incorporated the Safe City concept including CPTED. This includes Ara Damansara in Klang Valley and the Iskandar Regional Development, Johore with Nusajaya as its pilot project.
19. Incorporating CPTED at the initial stage of project planning and building design is a sound investment. The benefits CPTED can reap in the long run outweigh its implementation costs. It can avoid the likelihood of potentially costly corrective work later on, besides delivering long term social and economic benefits to the country
20. Having developed the guide, the ministry will now take a step further to also look into the process and procedures of auditing and accrediting safe cities in existing or new development projects. Such efforts will need the strong support from the Malaysian Crime Prevention Foundation (MCPF), the Malaysia Real Estate and Housing Developer Association (REHDA) and the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). I earnestly hope a holistic auditing and accreditation scheme can be put in place as soon as possible.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
21. Let me take this opportunity to congratulate the Federal Department of Town and Country Planning Malaysia in collaboration with various Government and Non-Government Organisations in organising this seminar. Allow me again to congratulate the Organizing Committee for its initiative and effort.
22. I would also like to accord my sincere gratitude to all the speakers, especially our two (2) international experts, Professor Emeritus Ted Kitchen, from University of Sheffield Hallam, United Kingdom and Professor Richard H. Schneider from University of Florida for being kind and generous enough to share their expertise and experiences with all of us here. Let me also wish you a pleasant stay here in Malaysia.
23. Last but not least, I wish to thank all of you who have been actively involved in this initiative and who have worked tirelessly in making this event a great success. Let us continue to work closely together to ensure Malaysia continue to be a safe and secure place to live, play and work.
24. Let me wish you all a fruitful and successful deliberation. I hereby “declare the Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Seminar 2010 OPEN”.
Thank you and Terima kasih.